Etymology of Pulwama (Wajah Tasmea)
The village is comprised of four hamlets namely Malikpora, Dalipora, Chattapora and Dangarpora. Initially it was Tehsil Headquarter. In order to bring “Knit together” all the four hamlets in the shape of town, it was formed into a village. To “Knit together” has been described as Pnawan in Kashmiri language. It is why that it has been named as Pnawangam (Gam is word for all Kashmiri villages) which later on deshaped and became Pulgam and then Pulwama, which is at the tip of the tongue of the people.
The District is centrally located in the valley of Kashmir. The economy of the District mainly depends on the Agriculture Sector. The District is famous for Rice production. Besides Rice Production District Pulwama is famous for quality Saffron production all over the world. The District is also famous for production of milk which is largest in the State and is known as “Anand of Kashmir”.
The Pulwama District as per census 2011 consists of 327 census villages, out of which 08 are un-inhabited. The villages have been grouped into 8 Tehsils viz, Pulwama, Awantipora, Tral, Pampore, Kakapora, Aripal, Rajpora & Litter, 11 CD Blocks Viz Tral, Aripal, Dadsara, Awantipora, Pampore, Kakapora, Pulwama, Shadimarg, Achgoze, Lassipora and Newa. Five Municipal Counsels Viz Tral, Pampore, Khrew, Awantipora and Pulwama. The total population of the District is 5.60 lac, as per census 2011. The geographical area of the District is 1090 sq. Km and the administrative center of the District is situated at Pulwama, which is 31 Km. from Srinagar, 85.65% of the population live in Rural areas and 14.35% in Urban areas.
The District is reported to be one of the pretty spots on the earth, because of its congenial climate, innumerable springs, streams, waterfalls, fragrant flowers, delicious fruits and other natural sceneries. Besides District Pulwama is famous all over the world for saffron cultivation which is mainly grown in Karewa lands of Pampore, Kakapora and Pulwama blocks of the district.
There are some important shrines and temples in the District and to name a few, Khankah Tral built by Mir Syed Ali Hamadani RH, the great saint and scholar of Iran. and Jawala Mukhi Temple at Khrew Pulwama. Besides the town Awantipora presents the remnant of the buildings and sculptures of the time of the king of Awantiwarman.
As per Census 2011, the literacy rate of the District is 65.00% with Male and Female literacy rate 75.41% and 53.81% respectively.