Agriculture plays an important role in the economy of the District. The agriculture products like paddy, oil seeds, fodder, saffron & milk are the main contributors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the District. Area sown more than once is about 0.30 lac hectares & the productivity of the land in the district is higher than in any other District in the State. District Pulwama is famous for saffron cultivation which is mainly grown in Karewa lands of Pampore, Kakapora and Pulwama blocks. The area under saffron cultivation during 2010-11 was 2414 hectares. Among the fruits, apple, almonds, walnut & cherry are the important one produced in this District.
Area according to village papers
Area according to village papers comprises the reported area or the cadastrally surveyed area i.e the area for which data on land use classification are available. The estimates of reported area are prepared by the village Patwaris. It does not correspond to the total geographical area of the District as the Revenue Department does not maintain records of the area which are not fit for habitation. The area maintained by the Forest Department also does not form a part of the reported area.
They cover the berun-line forests viz the forests falling outside the forest area demarcated by the Forest Department for maintenance.
Land put to non-agricultural uses
It consists of entire land occupied by buildings, rivers, canals and other lands put to uses other than agriculture.
Barren and un-cultivable land
It includes all barren and un-cultivable land like mountains, deserts etc. Land which can not be brought under cultivation except at an exorbitant cost is also included under this category.
Permanent pastures and other grazing lands
All grazing lands whether they are permanent pastures and meadows or not, are categorized as permanent pastures and other grazing lands. It also includes the common grazing land in the village.
Land under Miscellaneous tree crops etc
This constitutes the cultivable land which is not included in net area sown but is put to some agriculture uses. For example, the land under thatching grasses, bamboo bushes and other groves for fuel etc. not included under orchards fall under this category.
This includes lands available for cultivation irrespective of the fact whether they have been taken up for cultivation or not or taken up for cultivation once but not cultivated during the current year and the last five years or more in succession for one reason or the other. Such lands may be either fallow or covered with shrubs and jungles which are not put to any use. They may be assessed or un- assessed and may be in isolated blocks or within cultivated holdings. Land once cultivated but not cultivated for five years in succession is also included in this category at the end of five years.
Fallow lands other than current fallows
This includes all lands which were taken up for cultivation but are temporarily out of cultivation for a period of not less than one year and not more than five years.
They represent cropped area which are kept fallow during the current year. For example, if any seedling area is not cropped again in the same year, it is treated as current fallows.
Net area sown
It comprises total area sown with crops and orchards counting only once the area sown more than once in the same year.
Total cropped area
Total cropped area represents the total area covered with crops i.e. the sum total of area covered by all the individual crops. The area sown with crops more than once or during the same year are counted as separate area for each crop.
Area sown more than once
It includes the area on which crops are cultivated more than once during the agricultural year and is obtained by deducting the net area sown from the total cropped area.